Alternative MedicinesInfectionInjuries
Drugs
   Actinomycosis
   Adenoviral Infections
   Amebiasis
   Ascariasis
   Blastomycosis
   Botulism
   Brucellosis
   Candidiasis
   Chancroid
   Chlamydial Infections
   Cholera
   Chronic Fatigue and Immune Dysfunction Syndrome
   Clostridium Difficile Infection
   Coccidioidomycosis
   Colorado Tick Fever
   Common Cold
   Cryptococcosis
   Cryptosporidiosis
   Cytomegalovirus Infection
   Diphtheria
   Ebola Virus Infection
   Enterobiasis
   Escherichia Coli
   Gas Gangrene
   Genital Warts
   Giardiasis
   Gonorrhea
   Haemophilus Influenzae Infection
   Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
   Herpangina
   Herpes Simplex
   Herpes Zoster
   Histoplasmosis
   Hookworm Disease
   Infectious Mononucleosis
   Influenza
   Legionnaires' Disease
   Leprosy
   Listeriosis
   Lyme Disease
   Malaria
   Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
   Mumps
   Necrotizing Fasciitis
   Nocardiosis


Hookworm Disease

Hookworm disease (also called uncinariasis), a helminthic infection of the upper intestine, is chronic and debilitating. The disease's major sign is anemia. Sandy soil, high humidity, a warm climate, and failure to wear shoes all favor its transmission.

Hookworm disease is present in one-fourth of the worth's population. Although it can cause cardiopulmonary complications, it's seldom fatal, except in debilitated people and in infants.

Causes

The serious results of hookworm infection are the development of anemia and protein deficiency caused by blood loss. When children are continuously infected by many worms, the loss of iron and protein can retard growth and mental development, sometimes irreversibly. Hookworm infection can also cause tiredness, difficulty breathing, enlargement of the heart, and irregular heartbeat. Sometimes hookworm infection is fatal, especially among infants.

Symptoms and Signs

Itching and a rash at the site of where skin touched soil or sand is usually the first sign of infection. These symptoms occur when the larvae penetrate the skin. While a light infection may cause no symptoms.

  • Heavy infection can cause anemia
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss.

Heavy, chronic infections can cause stunted growth and mental development.

Diagnostic tests

Identification of hookworm ova in a stool smear confirms the diagnosis. Anemia suggests severe chronic infection. In an infected patient, blood studies show:

  • hemoglobin level of 5 to 9 g/dl (in a severe case)
  • white blood cell count as high as 47,000/mm³
  • eosinophil count of 500 to 700/mm³.

Treatment

Mebendazole or pyrantel pamoate is prescribed for hookworm infection. The patient also needs an iron-rich diet or iron supplements to prevent or correct anemia.

Prevention

Don't walk barefoot or contact the soil with bare hands in areas where hookworm is common or there is likely to be feces in the soil or sand.

   Parainfluenza
   Pertussis
   Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
   Poliomyelitis
   Pseudomonas Infections
   Rabies
   Relapsing Fever
   Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection
   Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
   Roseola Infantum
   Rotavirus
   Rubella
   Rubeola
   Salmonella Infection
   Scarlet Fever
   Schistosomiasis
   Shigellosis
   Sporotrichosis
   Strongyloidiasis
   Syphilis
   Taeniasis
   Tetanus
   Toxic Shock Syndrome
   Toxoplasmosis
   Trichinosis
   Trichomoniasis
   Vancomycin Intermittent-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
   Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus
   Varicella
   West Nile Encephalitis

© Doctor-clinic.org. All rights reserved.

Bookmark This Page: